Selecting

During my third week at Humber we learned how to fix up photos in Photoshop. Open up the photo you would like to fix up by going up to your File and clicking on Open in the Drop Down Menu or Command + O is your keyboard shortcut.

Once you have your image loaded you will find all your select tools in the tool bar on the left.Photoshop_05 Before we can do any editing however, first we must select each individual pieces of the image we want to fix and to do this we have 3 primary tools at our disposal:

  1. Firstly we have the Marque Tools which allows us to make our selections in the shape of rectangles and ovals. Once you make a selection with this tool, you will get an outline. To isolate your selection you can click the Quick Mask button or press Q on the key bored when a selection is made and everything outside the your selected region will have a red tint to it.Photoshop_06
  2. Next we have the Lasso Tools. The defining feature of these tools is that they follow your mouse as you select. The regular Lasso Tool follows your mouse as you drag it across the screen. The Polygonal Lasso Tool makes a straight line between every mouse click and the Magnetic Lasso Tool follows your mouse like the original but it also snaps to edges depending on the frequency you select.Photoshop_07
  3. Our last tool has two primary forms. The Quick Selection Tool and the Magic Wand Tool. The magic wand makes selections based on color and the Quick Select tool makes selections based on edge contrast. These two tools are very good but the user has very little control over them besides the Brush size (for the quick select tool) or Tolerance. (for the Magic Wand tool)Photoshop_08.png

    It is also impotent to keep in mind that you can deselect your selections by clicking Command + D on your keyboard and you can re-select your previous selection with Shift + command + D.

Editing Selections: You can ether expand your selection by going to Select > Modify > Expand in the Drop Down Menu and feather your selection by going to Select > Modify > Feather in the Drop Down Menu.

After your satisfied with the selection you’ve made, put each piece of the image on their own layers using Command+J so that you don’t alter the original image. This way if we make any mistakes along the way, we always have the original to fall back on. Think of it as a safety net.

Once you have each selection isolated on its own layer. It is a good idea to turn the visibility OFF on your original Layer (Layer_0) by clicking on the little eye icon next to that specific layer in the layers menu.This will make it easier to see what you or doing from here on.Photoshop_09ANow simply right click on your selection and press Free Transform (Control+T) to get allow us to freely rotate our selections. Your selection will become outlined with a box with 8 anchor points on it. By moving your mouse just beyond the corners of this box your courser should change to indicate a rotating mouse and being careful not to squash or stretch your selection, rotate each selection into the appropriate position. Make sure to press enter to commit to your selections. Do this to each piece of your photo and keep in mind that you can click Option + left click on the eyeball in your layers panel to isolate the layer you are working on if necessary.Photoshop_16Now we need to get rid of the seems and stains in the image by using our Spot Healing Brush tool, Healing Brush tool, Clone Stamp tool and a little bit of the Patch Tool.

  • First select your Spot Healing Brush and make sure that your type is set to “content aware” on the top. with the Spot Healing Brush you can just paint over most of your seems, but you will likely get to areas which are.
  • Healing Brush gives you more control then the Spot Healing Brush but you must manually select the area of your painting that you would like to sample. So “Alt+ left mouse click” on a clean area of of your photo to sample it. with Align deselected your sample area will re-set every time you release your mouse. Selecting Align will always will continue from the place where you last let go of your mouse button.
  • Use the clone stamp to remove any additional blemishes by referencing another place on your image with “Alt+ left mouse click” then once you have selected an area you want to reference, you can start painting over any areas you still need to fix up and don’t forget to use your history and “Shift+z” to undo when necessary.
  • Patch Tool requires you to select an area with your mouse, and then you can drag and drop your selection and it will marry those two areas.

Finally when you have your image fixed up and straighten we just need to crop our image by going up to File and Automate in your Drop Down Menu and clicking on Crop and Straighten Photo to get your finished image.the_moose_is_on_the_loose.png

 

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